The importance of training muscle chains in golf


In the fundamental technical gesture called "swing", the synergistic action of a high number of muscles, allows the acceleration of the stick of over 160 km / h in a very short period of time. The modern swing exploits the greater "screwing" of the body obtained by the wide twist of the shoulders with respect to the pelvis (backswing) in order to store elastic energy to be returned during the descent of the stick. The follow throught is also characterized by the hypertension of the back, which leads to end the movement with the body in an inverted C position. Compared to the classical, more harmonious and fluent technique, the modern one allows to generate more power, but exposes those who perform it to a greater risk of injury to the musculoskeletal system. They seem simple and banal, but without a good support structure, the unexpected is inevitable. What are they and why are the CHINETIC CHAINS and the CORE important?

The muscles do not contract into watertight compartments, but are connected to each other as if they were many rings of a single chain. These chains are more than one and the main ones intertwine according to a spiral-like pattern from the feet to the hands, from front to back and are also called kinetic chains because through their activation, the energy produced by the contraction of the muscles is transferred along the rings of the chains increasing more and more intensity until the final completion of the gesture. In golf, this process takes the form of a complete transfer of muscle energy to the stick, which will increase its speed and during the impact, it will release all the energy to the ball. The crossed chains of the front and rear torso are fundamental for throwing gestures like the swing and are located in the center of the spiral system between the lower and upper limbs. They are particularly affected by two factors: stability of the abdominal pelvic belt and the thoraco-lumbar fascia (mobility on all the surfaces of both the pelvis and the shoulders). Without the support of these conditions, the crusader muscular system of the trunk will work ineffective way, according to compensating adaptive motor patterns that our body will take immediately when the functional equilibrium fails. This happens to re-establish a condition of homeostasis, that is a sort of equilibrium of immediate convenience, which we unconsciously seek to achieve a certain objective with the resources available in the least expensive way, even if not optimal from the point of view of the result.

Example: when loading a backswing, the right anterior crusading chain (which part of the right hip and comes to the left shoulder) and the left rear crusher chain (starting from the left buttock and coming to the right shoulder) should activate at the same time , in the acceleration phase towards the impact, the opposite action takes place. If these motor patterns are activated correctly, it is possible to stabilize the axis of rotation, thus perceiving a movement that sees the great muscles of the trunk as protagonists. At the basis of such a correct gesture, it is necessary, however, to seek stability and mobility and to perform exercises that facilitate the interna